Die Donnelly-Studie ist die erste akademische Studie, die das Konzept des unfreiwilligen Zölibats ernst nimmt, und sie wurde in der akademischen Literatur, einschließlich der von Fachkollegen überprüften akademischen Forschung, dutzende Male zitiert. Die Studie selbst wurde ebenfalls von Fachkollegen begutachtet und im The Journal of Sex Research (2001) veröffentlicht. Diese Studie war der Beginn der Verwendung des Wortes Incel als akademischen soziologischen Begriff. Alanas Incel-Mailingliste koordinierte sich mit einer Soziologieprofessorin namens "Denise Donnelly" und einem Team von Forschern der Georgia State University, um ihre Gemeinde Anfang 1999 als Ausgangspunkt für die Erforschung der Ursachen des unfreiwilligen Zölibats zu nutzen. Die Studie wurde von der Soziologin und Professorin Elizabeth Burgess mitverfasst, die noch 2014 die Incel-Foren als "wertvoll" bezeichnet hatte.
Popularisierung des unfreiwilligen Zölibats im akademischen Bereich und solide Definitionsbildung
'Involuntarily celibate' is a valid academic sociological term coined by Antoine Banier and abbreviated by Alana and subsequently popularized in Donnelly's study, referring to people who would like to have a sexual or romantic partner but can't find one for six months or more. The date may seem arbitrary, but there had to be a cutoff point, and Denise Donnelly chose six months as that factored in that some sexually active people go weeks without sex, and people start to worry about their sex lives after a certain period longer than that period.
The questionnaire for the study was filled out by 60 men and 22 women who identified as involuntarily celibate. Findings showed that involuntary celibates may come from broad sexual and personal backgrounds. Three categories were developed: virgins were those who had never had sex, singles had sex in the past but were unable to establish current sexual relationships, and those with romantic partners, but were currently in sexless relationships (which included 28% of respondents).
Of the virgin involuntary celibates, 76% were male, and 24% were female. Men in the study reported they felt trapped by being stuck in the role of the initiator of dates, while the women in the study reported that they felt like they should not initiate romantic or sexual encounters.
Overall, 35% of respondents felt dissatisfied, frustrated, or angry about their lack of sexual relationships regardless of their current partnership status. Most involuntary celibates appeared to feel despair, depression, frustration and a loss of confidence.
The study also found grounding for a common incel concern - that as sexual and relationship milestones are missed, it becomes harder and harder to achieve normality going forward. Many felt that their sexual development had somehow stalled in an earlier stage of life, leading them to feel different from their peers and like they will never catch up.
Incel ist jetzt ein anerkannter akademischer soziologischer Begriff
Donnelly's study, while the sample size was small, has been cited 62 times in scholarly literature, including an encyclopedia about family life, a peer-reviewed sociology journal, and various books by accredited sociologists and an accredited anthropologist, giving the term, "involuntary celibacy", academic legitimacy, at least as a sociological term describing a real-life circumstance.
- Donnelly, Denise, Burgess, Elisabeth, Anderson, Sally, Davis, Regina, and Dillard, Joy. (2001) Involuntary Celibacy: A life course analysis. The Journal of Sex Research, 38 (2), 159-169
- Denise Donnelly, Elisabeth Burgess, Sally Anderson, Regina Davis & Joy Dillard Pages 159-169 | Accepted 02 May 2001, Published online: 11 Jan 2010: Involuntary celibacy: A life course analysis, Zitierung: https://doi.org/10.1080/00224490109552083